Nevertheless, the defectors arrived in Taiwan on January 23, , and were immediately celebrated as "Anti-Communist volunteers". The Korean War changed the face of the American military. Though the Constitution gives Congress the power to declare war, it did not do so in this case. In the same way, throughout the study, we tried to label hearsay and rumor as such. World War I began in , after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, and lasted until Furthermore, numerous models of American military equipment were captured, which made it possible for Soviet engineers and scientists to reverse engineer American technology, and use what they learned for the development of new forms of their own armaments.
2. The U.S. Congress never declared war, thereby establishing a precedent.
Photo Caption: Buddies aid a wounded man of the 24th Infantry Regiment, 25th Division after a battle 10 miles south of Chorwon. African-Americans served in all combat and combat service elements during the Korean War and were involved in all major combat operations, including the advance of United Nations Forces to the Chinese border. In June , almost , African-Americans were on active duty in the U. By the end of the war, probably more than , African-Americans had served in the military. Changes in the United States, the growth of black political power and the U. Defense Department's realization that African-Americans were being underutilized because of racial prejudice led to new opportunities for African-Americans serving in the Korean War. In the last two years of the Korean War throughout the services, hundreds of blacks held command positions, were posted to elite units such as combat aviation and served in a variety of technical military specialties.
The Two Koreas
Japan ruled over Korea from until the end of World War II, after which the Soviet Union occupied the northern half of the peninsula and the United States occupied the south. Originally, they intended to keep Korea together as one country. But when the United Nations called for elections in , the Soviet Union refused to comply, instead installing a communist regime led by Kim Il-Sung. In the South, meanwhile, strongman Syngman Rhee became president. Both Kim and Rhee wanted to unify Korea under their rule and initiated border skirmishes that left thousands dead.
This invasion was the first military action of the Cold War. As far as American officials were concerned, it was a war against the forces of international communism itself. After some early back-and-forth across the 38th parallel, the fighting stalled and casualties mounted with nothing to show for them. Meanwhile, American officials worked anxiously to fashion some sort of armistice with the North Koreans. Finally, in July , the Korean War came to an end. In all, some 5 million soldiers and civilians lost their lives during the war.